ABS stands for acrylonitrile butadiene styrene. This material was one of the first plastics that was printed with industrial 3D printers. Now many years later, ABS is still a very popular material, thanks to its low cost and useful mechanical properties. However, it is only reserved for the advanced 3D printer, this is because it has a higher melting temperature (also called glass temperature) and it has to be printed on a heated print bed otherwise warping will occur.
ABS is made from petroleum products and is therefore a lot less environmentally friendly than PLA. It is not biodegradable and unpleasant fumes are released during printing. Printing with ABS is best done in a ventilated room. All other dddrop filaments are odourless and can be printed next to the coffee maker. Because ABS is a petroleum-based plastic, it is not safe to use it for products that can come into contact with food.
ABS is slightly less strong than PLA and will deform more quickly, but it is much tougher and will not just break. Real durable products can be printed with this. The best-known example is the LEGO block! ABS is also ideal for industrial applications because it can withstand high temperatures, for example it is widely used in the automotive industry for, among other things, dashboards and bumpers.
Tip: always print ABS in a well-ventilated room.