ultrasonic level switch / for liquids / economical / stainless steel
Echotel® 940, 941



  • Technology:


  • Medium:

    for liquids

  • Other characteristics:

    economical, stainless steel, compact, threaded

  • Applications:


  • Process pressure:

    138 bar (2,001.52 psi)

  • Process temperature:

    Max.: 85 °C (185 °F)

    Min.: -40 °C (-40 °F)


Echotel® Model 940 and 941 Ultrasonic Level Switches are compact integral units that utilize pulsed signal technology to perform high or low level measurement in a wide variety of liquid applications. These switches feature a 316 stainless steel tip-sensitive transducer that is offered in a variety of NPT, flanged, and sanitary process connections. The compact electronics are completely encapsulated just above the process fitting.

The Model 940 offers a 1-amp SPDT relay output. The Model 941 has a mA current shift output.

Operating Principle

Ultrasonic energy detects the presence or absence of liquid in a tip sensitive transducer gap. The principle behind contact ultrasonic technology is that high frequency sound waves are easily transmitted across a transducer gap in the presence of liquid, but are attenuated when the gap is dry.

The transducer uses a pair of piezoelectric crystals that are encapsulated in epoxy at the tip of the transducer. The crystals are made of a ceramic material that vibrates at a given frequency when subjected to an applied voltage. The transmit crystal converts the applied voltage from the electronics into an ultrasonic signal. When liquid is present in the gap, the receive crystal is able to sense the ultrasonic signal from the transmit crystal and convert it back to an electrical signal. This signal is sent to the electronics to indicate the presence of liquid in the transducer gap. When there is no liquid present, the ultrasonic signal is attenuated and is not detected by the receive crystal.