The pneumatically driven Krautzberger piston pump sucks the coating substance from the material container through a suction hose or a suction pipe and subjects it to pressure. When it leaves the spray gun, the medium is atomised through a special nozzle by the high pressure. The hydraulic piston is a differential piston and moves up and down in the working cylinder of the hydraulic section.
During the upward stroke, the ball of the suction valve and the coating medium is sucked into the lower chamber of the working cylinder. At the same time, the ball of the pressure valve in the piston is pressed onto its seat and the medium displaced from the upper ring chamber of the working cylinder into the pressure line. During the downward stroke, the ball of the suction valve is pressed onto its seat and the ball of the pressure valve moves upward. The piston displaces half of the medium from the lower chamber of the working cylinder into the upper chamber and the other half into the pressure line. The piston rod of the air piston motor is connected to the pump piston and transmits the motion in a linear fashion. The piston motion is generated by the alternating feed of compressed air to the air motor piston and controlled by a four-way air valve.
As long as compressed air is fed into the control section via the pressure reducing valve, the thrust piston motor continues to operate until the pump has built up a sufficient hydraulic pressure in the pressure line to counterbalance the thrust of the incoming compressed air. The pump then remains in quiescent position until the hydraulic pressure begins to fall as a result, for example, of operation of the spray gun.